In Sweden they call it flygskam, or flying shame — the guilty feeling that you’re helping to destroy the planet as you zip off to Spain for the weekend. With the UN’s International Civil Aviation Organization forecasting that aviation emissions could triple by 2050 from their 2015 level, some countries are taking action by outlawing short flights where rail is a viable alternative. Now the clock is ticking for the aviation industry to decarbonize or face further restrictions on its growth. That means developing planes that run on electricity or clean fuels.
Getting an 80-ton Airbus A320 jumbo jet off the ground requires huge amounts of energy.
Photographer: Matthew Lloyd/Bloomberg
1. What’s the challenge?
Ending carbon emissions ...